Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an abnormal infection of the vagina, which is caused by bacteria. It is a very common disorder but its not easily understood. The condition happens when disruption of normal bacteria in the vagina takes place. It has a capacity to affect at least one woman in every three at one point and at least once. If the varginal flora is imbalanced, there occurs a grayish and fish smelling discharge in the vagina. However, more than half of women infected with BV do not have symptoms, but it is not dangerous because it exposes some symptoms of concern.
BV is common when the different species of vaginal bacteria grow exceeding the normal number. Here the main concern is the bacterial vaginosis symptoms and treatment since you have to get the basics about the disorder. The common and the main symptoms of BV include vaginal odor (fishy smell), having lower abdominal pain, pain during urination or sex, white, yellow or gray vaginal discharge. The vaginal odor is one of the best symptoms of bacterial vaginosis and it gets worse after sexual intercourse. The other abnormal discharge can be caused by many aspects including sexually transmitted diseases. This is why BV is much common among the women who are active sexually.
It's important to note these symptoms because during diagnoses, the doctor will be concerned about them, performing some pelvic examinations at the same time getting some samples of the abnormal vaginal discharge. The samples are tested to confirm the infection with bacterial vaginosis. Such symptoms do not result to other complications, but in special cases some problems such as an increase in chances of miscarriage if pregnant during the infection. It may also result to immature delivery resulting to infections within the uterus after the pregnancy. Furthermore, in case you have undergone procedures such as abortion and hysterectomy, you may suffer from pelvic infection.
Even though bacterial vaginosis will sometimes heal without undergoing any treatment, every woman with the BV symptoms should be treated to avoid further complications. Your male partner does not need to undergo treatment. The treatment is more important for the pregnant women. Every pregnant woman should be tested and treated if they suffer from any of the BV symptoms. It is also recommended that any woman who have undergone abortion or hysterectomy be treated for bacterial vaginosis before undergoing the process. This is more so regardless of the manifestation of the symptoms.
Generally, its treatment involves a short administration of antibiotics by a medical practitioner. The application of vaginal gel is also recommended. In most instances, BV treatment is resolved completely without further complications. There are two types of antibiotics which are recommended for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis: Clindamycin or metronidazole. Each of them can be used by pregnant and by non-pregnant women. If you are infected with HIV/AIDS, you should undergo similar treatment like any other woman. It's important to note that sometimes the abnormal condition might recur after treatment. To avoid this recurrence, you can reduce the risk of disturbing the natural bacterial balance in the vagina by abstaining from sex, reducing the number of your sexual partners, heed to the prescribed treatment of the BV regardless of the fading of the symptoms.